Establishment of british rule in bengal, The defeat of the Nawab in the battle of Palashi in 1757 marked the beginning of the Establishment of british rule in bengal. Queen Victoria took over the rule of India on November 1, 1857, the beginning of the British rule and India became a colony of the British Empire. Before the arrival of the British, agriculture was the main driving force of the country’s economy. However, today’s article is about how our economy was after the arrival of the British. Let’s find out about the British-era economy-
By establishing the colonial system of governance, the colonial rulers broke the old system of governance and created a new economic system conducive to their rule and exploitation. Whose main goal was to plunder wealth and collect revenue. The land settlement system introduced by the British, the permanent system, the granting of land ownership, the collection of taxes and the new system of taxation brought about a major change in the economy of Bengal. In order to collect large sums of revenue, the East India Company changed the conventional agricultural system and introduced a permanent settlement. This system created a new class of zamindars. The middle class is born in the collection of revenue and taxes Establishment of british rule in bengal. The exploitation and oppression of these three classes of British rulers, zamindars and middlemen crippled the peasants of Bengal. Even then, the British introduced forced indigo cultivation in the interest of their industry. Indigo cultivation has reduced land production on the one hand and uprooted farmers from its long-standing self-earned economy on the other. As a result of the agricultural policy introduced by the British, the entire rural economy of Bengal itself completely collapsed. Farmers become related to the market system. The economy introduced by the British also created a class of capitalists in Bengal. Later this bourgeoisie controlled the economy of Bengal including trade and commerce.
The destruction of local industries in Bengal became inevitable under the British colonial rule. Because the British rulers used Bengal as a supplier of industrial raw materials. The colonial rulers also chose Bengal and the Indian subcontinent as the market for the sale of garments made from the raw materials of Bengal. As a result, the weaving industry of Bengal was destroyed. Industry has been destroyed in Dhaka Musalni. India was the major supplier of raw materials to most of the large industrial factories that developed in Britain after the Industrial Revolution Establishment of british rule in bengal. A study has shown that the industrial revolution in England was possible due to the plunder of Bengal by the British. Eighty percent of the raw materials required for the Industrial Revolution have been supplied from Bengal. Extensive plunder crippled the agricultural and industrial society of Bengal. In just 13 years after this massive plunder, a terrible famine occurred in Bengal in 1807. As a result about one-third of the Bengalis died. In a word, the peasant society of Bengal became empty and destitute during the British rule. Weaving mills break down or shut down. However, it is precisely because of the British rule that capitalism developed in India and Bengal, which later intensified India’s freedom struggle.
Even after the British left, their devastated economy could not recover. Although the British economy is dependent on industry, our economy is still dependent on agriculture. In order to get out of this agrarian economy, we need well-educated and skilled youth Establishment of british rule in bengal. So, now is the time to build yourself up and participate in the development of the country.